Science is an interesting subject and involves many different concepts. Students often love the interactive part of science because they get to do experiments and discover new things. In sixth grade science, students will continue to build on the knowledge they’ve gain in the previous grades. They’ll learn new science vocabulary and will use the vocabulary they already know.
When learning about science, students will explore the scientific process. This includes an understanding of how scientific discoveries help us to understand things better and that sometimes we need to change our way of thinking. Students will conduct experiments using the scientific process and will use different instruments to collect and analyze data. They’ll identify the variables in an experiment, make observations, collect data, draw conclusions, and display the data using graphs, tables, and charts.
Sixth grade science also involves a more in-depth look at the properties of matter. Students will identify various properties and classify objects. This might include sorting them by volume, shape, texture, or mass. They’ll also identify the different states of matter and give examples of solids, liquids, and gasses. They’ll use the periodic table to explore the elements and will learn more about elements and compounds. Students will explore energy, force, and motion in more detail as well. They’ll look at the different forms of energy- mechanical, electrical, chemical, heat, and nuclear. They’ll also look at sources of energy and the difference between kinetic and potential energy. Students will be able to describe the relationships between force, motion, and friction and the effects of combining these forces. They’ll learn to measure motion and will be able to explain the laws of motion. In addition, they’ll explore electricity and magnetism and will most likely be doing experiments to learn more about each of these.
At every level, students will spend time learning about life science and earth science. They’ll discuss and identify the plants by their characteristics, describe what they need for survival, and explain how they adapt to their environment. They’ll need to use their sixth grade science vocabulary to describe things like photosynthesis and germination. Students will discuss gravity, revolution & rotation, and solar and lunar eclipses. They’ll also continue to learn more about the human body.
In sixth grade science, students will be expected to do science writing. It’s important they know how to explain science concepts in writing and that they can use science vocabulary to help readers understand the concept further.
Whether students are learning about science in school or at home, it’s important they practice what they’ve learned. Parents can help by discussing the material and encouraging their child to explore his or her interests. Directions for at-home science experiments can be found easily and materials are usually easy to find.